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Federal & State Minimum Wage Rates, Laws, and Resources

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Exemptions to Minimum Wage Law

The Federal Department of Labor has published the following list of exceptions to minimum wage, overtime wage, and child labor laws. If your job is listed as exempt from minimum wage law, then your employer is not required by law to pay you at or over federal or state minimum wage.

(MW = minimum wage OT = overtime CL = child labor)
  • Aircraft salespeople - OT
  • Airline employees - OT
  • Amusement/recreational employees in national parks/forests/Wildlife Refuge System - OT
  • Babysitters on a casual basis - MW & OT
  • Boat salespeople - OT
  • Buyers of agricultural products - OT
  • Companions for the elderly - MW & OT
  • Country elevator workers (rural) - OT
  • Workers with disabilities - MW
  • Domestic employees who live-in - OT
  • Farm implement salespeople - OT
  • Federal criminal investigators - MW & OT
  • Firefighters working in small (less than 5 firefighters) public fire departments - OT
  • Fishing - MW & OT
  • Forestry employees of small (less than 9 employees) firms - OT
  • Fruit & vegetable transportation employees - OT
  • Homeworkers making wreaths - MW, OT & CL" & vbcrlf)
  • Houseparents in non-profit educational institutions- OT
  • Livestock auction workers - OT
  • Local delivery drivers and driver's helpers - OT
  • Lumber operations employees of small (less than 9 employees) firms - OT
  • Motion picture theater employees - OT
  • Newspaper delivery - MW, OT & CL
  • Newspaper employees of limited circulation newspapers - MW & OT
  • Police officers working in small (less than 5 officers) public police departments - OT
  • Radio station employees in small markets - OT
  • Railroad employees - OT
  • Seamen on American vessels - OT
  • Seamen on other than American vessels - MW & OT
  • Sugar processing employees - OT
  • Switchboard operators - MW & OT
  • Taxicab drivers - OT
  • Television station employees in small markets - OT
  • Truck and trailer salespeople - OT
  • Youth employed as actors or performers - CL
  • Youth employed by their parents - CL
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