District of Columbia Minimum Wage for 2018, 2019
Contents :: District of Columbia Minimum Wage
District of Columbia's state minimum wage rate is $14.00 per hour. This is greater than the Federal Minimum Wage of $7.25. You are entitled to be paid the higher state minimum wage. The minimum wage applies to most employees in District of Columbia, with limited exceptions including tipped employees, some student workers, and other exempt occupations.†
The District Of Columbia minimum wage was last changed in 2008, when it was raised $6.45 from $7.55 to $14.00. District of Columbia's minimum wage rate is linked to a Consumer Price Index, which is intended to raise the rate along with inflation. The current minimum wage rate is re-evaluated yearly based on these values.
The current minimum wage is $13.25 per hour as of July 1, 2018. The District of Columbia minimum wage was raised to $10.50 per hour on July 1 2015, and increased to $11.50 per hour on July 1 2016. On July 1, 2017, the minimum wage will rise on each July 1 with an increase in the DC cost of living as detailed in the D.C. Minimum Wage Amendment Act of 2013. If DC's minimum wage rate is set below federal minimum wage, is automatically raised to $1.00 above the Federal Minimum Wage rate.
DC's minimum wage rose to $9.50 per hour in July 2014, making the District's minimum wage the highest in the the United States at the time. These raises will likely maintain Washington DC's status as the place with one of the highest minimum wages in the United States, and the first with a minimum wage rate of over $10.00 per hour.
The Tipped wage is set at $3.89 on July 1, 2018. Students and minors are exempt from the Washington DC minimum wage, and must instead be paid at least the Federal Minimum Wage - the Federal Minimum Wage also applies to newly hired workers over 18 for their first 90 calendar days of work.
Employers may deduct from pay up to $2.12 for each meal provided to their employees, and additional deductions can be made for lodging. Employers must compensate their workers for the purchase cost and maintenance of any required uniforms or protective gear.
District of Columbia employers may not pay you under $14.00 per hour unless you or your occupation are specifically exempt from the minimum wage under state or federal law.
If you have questions about the District of Columbia minimum wage, please ask us and someone will respond to you as soon as possible. Looking for a new job? Use the free District of Columbia job search utility to find local job openings hiring now.
All District of Columbia employers must display an approved District of Columbia minimum wage poster in a prominent place to inform employees about the minimum wage and their worker's rights under District of Columbia labor law.
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District of Columbia Minimum Wage & Labor Law Posters
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and District of Columbia labor law requires all employers in District of Columbia to visibly display an approved District of Columbia minimum wage poster, and other District of Columbia and federal labor law posters, to ensure that all employees are aware of federal and District of Columbia labor law and overtime regulations. Failure to display a District of Columbia labor law poster in the workplace can result in severe fines.
The District of Columbia minimum wage poster, and additional required District of Columbia labor law posters, are also available on the District of Columbia labor law posters download page.
District of Columbia Overtime Minimum Wage
All workers who put in over 40 weekly hours are entitled to a minimum wage of at least 1.5 times the regular applicable minimum wage (learn more about District of Columbia overtime pay). Some states require workers who work over a certain number of daily hours to be eligible for this overtime rate as well (District of Columbia law does specify a daily overtime limit).
The FLSA guarantees all DC employees adequate overtime compensation for all qualifying overtime hours worked. If your employer does not pay adequate overtime wages, you can file an unpaid overtime claim with the District of Columbia Department of Labor.
District of Columbia Minimum Wage Exemptions
In addition to any District of Columbia-specific minimum wage exemptions described above, the Federal Fair Labor Standards act defines special minimum wage rates applicable to certain types of workers. You may be paid under the District of Columbia minimum wage if you fit into one of the following categories:
- District of Columbia Under 20 Minimum Wage - $4.25 - Federal law allows any employer in District of Columbia to pay a new employee who is under 20 years of age a training wage of $4.25 per hour for the first 90 days of employment.
- District of Columbia Tipped Minimum Wage - See Here - Employees who earn a certain amount of tips every month may be paid a lower cash minimum wage, but must earn at least $14.00 including tips every hour. For more details, read about the District of Columbia tipped minimum wage.
Local Minimum Wage Rates in District of Columbia
While District of Columbia's state minimum wage is $14.00 per hour, there are localities that have set their own, higher minimum wages that apply to some or all employees within their jurisdictions. The following is a table of all District of Columbia localities with established minimum wage laws.
|Locality||Applies To||Minimum Wage||Comparison to State|
|Washington DC||Tipped employees 4.45||$14.00||Same|
Frequently Asked Questions - District of Columbia Minimum Wage & Labor Law
- What is the District of Columbia minimum wage?
The current District of Columbia minimum wage of $14.00 per hour is the lowest amount a non-exempt employee in District of Columbia can legally be paid for hourly work. Special minimum wage rates, such as the "District of Columbia waitress minimum wage" for tipped employees, may apply to certain workers.
- How much will I earn working a minimum wage jobin District of Columbia?
A full time minimum wage worker in District of Columbia working 40 hours a week, 52 weeks a year, will earn $112.00 per day, $560.00 per week, and $29,120.00 per year1. The national poverty line for a family unit consisting of two people is $16,020.00 per year.
- What is the District of Columbia under 18 minimum wage?
District of Columbia employers may pay 18 year olds and minors the youth minimum wage of $4.25 for the first 90 days of employment. Other labor law exemptions for minors in District of Columbia may exist.
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1 These earnings estimates do not account for the District of Columbia income tax , federal income tax, or local/municipal income taxes.
2 Poverty line for a family of two in the lower 48 published 2016 by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services